Scalability by Design
EeroQ is engineering the next generation of quantum computers, using electrons trapped on the surface of superfluid helium (eHe). Headquartered in Chicago, Illinois, EeroQ is pursuing scalability with a patented chip design while spearheading the conversation of quantum ethics.
How it Works
Single Electrons Can Make Great Qubits
At the heart of EeroQ’s technology is the trapping and control of individual electrons floating above pools of superfluid helium. These electrons form the qubits of our quantum computer, and the purity of the superfluid helium protects the intrinsic quantum properties of each electron. EeroQ’s ultimate goal is to build a large-scale quantum computer based on quantum magnetic (spin) state of these trapped electrons.
Trapping Electrons in Microchannels
Microchannels fabricated into silicon wafers are filled with superfluid helium and energized electrodes. Together with the natural electron trapping properties of superfluid helium, these allow for the precision trapping of individual or multiple electrons. The microchannels are only a few micrometers in size, or about five times smaller than the diameter of a human hair.
Control and Readout
Microchannel regions can store thousands of electrons, from which one can be plucked and transported to the single electron control and readout area. In this region, microwave signals will interact with the electron to perform quantum logic gate operations, which will be readout via extremely fast electronics.
Operations for Quantum Computing
Quantum information can be encoded in a number of ways using single electrons. Currently, we are working with the “side-to-side” (lateral) quantum motion of the electron in the engineered trap. This motion can either be in its lowest energy state, the ground state, or in a number of higher-energy excited states. This electron motion also provides the readout capabilities for EeroQ’s ultimate goal of building a large-scale quantum computer based on the electron’s magnetic moment (spin).
One Qubit, Best of All Worlds
EeroQ’s qubit technology is at an earlier stage of engineering than some other qubits, but as we bring it to maturity it will offer some key advantages. Our system offers the promise of exceptionally long coherence times, high qubit connectivity, CMOS compatibility, fast gates, and the ability to fit millions of electrons on a single chip – no need for modular designs.